Transmutation (petrification) – The ability to turn persons and/or objects into stone.
The Grey Gargoyle (Marvel) can turn humans into stone (Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe V1 #4).
The Perseus Shield can also turn humans into stone (The Twilight Zone #7, Gold Key).
Space Ranger (DC) is petrified in Tales of the Unexpected V1 #74.
Supergirl (DC) seemingly turns her ex-boyfriends into stone in Adventure Comics V1 #389.
In Wonder Woman V2 #121, the inhabitants of Paradise Island have been petrified.
In the series Dr. Stone (Viz) in Weekly Shonen Jump #14, the entire human race has been turned into stone.
Basilisk – Field Guide to Creatures of the Dreamlands
Basilisk – World of Warcraft Monster Guide
Cockatrice – D&D 4th Edition – Monster Manual 2
Medusa – D&D 4th Edition – Monster Manual 1
Medusa – TSR 2140A Monstrous Manual
Tales of Suspense V1 #10
Tales to Astonish V1 #32
Tales to Astonish V1 #34
Superman (DC) deals with petrification in Action Comics V1 #135.
Lex Luthor (DC) – “The Lost Secrets of Krypton – Superman V1 #74